Tuesday, November 8, 2011

Protecting oneself from shaytaan and from harm through the Words of Remembrance found in the Authentic Sunnah - (Part 3)

Seeking Protection from shaytaan when entering the Masjid

‘Abdullaah bin ‘Amru bin al-‘Aas reported from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم that when he would enter the masjid he said:

« أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ، مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ »

(( I seek refuge in Allaah al-‘Atheem, and by His Noble Face, and His Eternal Sovereignty, from the accursed shaytaan ))

He صلى الله عليه وسلم  said: “If he said that, shaytaan says: ‘He is protected from me for the rest of the day.’ [1]

The Prohibition of sitting half in the sun and half in the shade

1) Aboo Hurayrah رضى الله عنه   said:  Abool-Qaasim صلى الله عليه وسلم  said:  “If one of you was sitting in the sunlight”, and Makhlad said: “in the shadow, so the shade that is over him moves away from him, and part of him is in the sun and part (of him) is in the shade, then let him get up (and move).”   [2]

2) And in another narration: He prohibited that one sit between the sunlight and the shade, and he said:  “It is the sitting of shaytaan.” [3]

3) Qays bin Abee Haazim narrated from his father that he said: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم saw me and I was sitting in the sun, so he said:  “Move to the shade.”

In the wording of Aboo Daawood (#4822), Qays reported that his father narrated that he came and the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم was giving a khutbah, so he stood in the sun, so he ordered him to move to the shade. [4]

Protecting the Utensils and Home before going to bed

Jaabirرضى الله عنه  reported Allaah's Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم as saying:  “Cover the vessel, tighten the waterskins, close the doors and extinguish the lamps, for shaytaan does not loosen the waterskin, does not open the door, and does not uncover the vessels. And if one of you doesn’t find (something) to cover it with except placing over his vessel (a piece of) wood (to cover it) and to mention the name of Allaah, then let him do so, for indeed the pests (mice) may set the house on fire over its inhabitants."  [5]

Yawning is from shaytaan

 Aboo Hurayrahرضى الله تعالى عنه  narrated that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم  said:  “at-Tathaa’ub (yawning) is from shaytaan, so when one of you yawns then let him suppress it as much as possible.” [6]

Suhayl bin Abee Saalih said:  I heard a son of Aboo Sa’eed al-Khudree narrate to my father from his father [i.e. from Aboo Sa’eed]: the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:  “When one of you yawns, then let him cover his mouth with his hand, for indeed shaytaan enters.” [7]

And in another wording:  “If one of you yawns in the Salaah, then let him suppress it as much as he is able, for indeed shaytaan enters.”

Aboo Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  said  If one of you yawns, then let him repel it as much as possible, for indeed, one of you, if he says “haa” (makes sounds when he yawns), shaytaan laughs at him.”  [8]

In another wording with al-Bukhaaree:  "Verily Allaah loves sneezing and hates yawning, so if one of you sneezes and he praises Allaah, it is a right upon every muslim who hears him to say:
يَرْحَمُكَ اللَّهُ 
(( May Allaah have mercy upon you )).   
As for yawning, then indeed it is only from shaytaan, so if one of you yawns let him repel it as much as possible, for indeed when he yawns, shaytaan laughs at him.”

Al-Haafith Ibn Hajr رحمه الله said: 

“And in regards to the meaning of placing the hand over the mouth is placing the garment and the like of it from what achieves that intent (over ones mouth), but the hand is only specified if yawning is not repelled without it.  And there is no difference in this issue between the one praying and other than him.  Rather it is stressed in the situation of the salaah as has preceded, and that it is excluded from the prohibition of the one praying placing his hand on his mouth.  And from what the one who is yawning is commanded with if he was in the salaah, is that he withhold from recitation until it leaves him lest his recitation change.  And Ibn Abee Shaybah traced the like of that back from Mujaahid and ‘Ikrimah and the Taabi’een.”

[1]  Aboo Daawood (#466).  Declared saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaanee
[2]  Aboo Daawood (#4821), al-Humaydee in al-Musnad (1138), Ahmad (2/383).  Shaykh al-Albaanee declared it saheeh. See As-Saheehah (#837)
[3]  Collected by Ahmad (3/413).  Shaykh al-Albaanee said:  “And this isnaad is saheeh, it’s men are thiqaat (trustworthy narrators), men of the Shaykhayn (al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), with the exception of Katheer, and he is Ibn Abee Katheer al-Basree as al-‘Ajalee and Ibn Hibbaan have said, and a group from the thiqaat narrated from him.  See As-Saheehah (#838)
[4]  Declared saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaanee.  See As-Saheehah (#833)
[5] Muslim, Ahmad (3/355).  See Silsilah (#37) and Irwaa’ al-Ghaleel (#38)

[6] Muslim
[7] Muslim
[8] Al-Bukhaaree, Aboo Daawood