This Months Monthly Lecture - إن شاء الله تعالى - will be the first part of a series of lectures clarifying the 'Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah from the 'Aqeedah of al-Imaam Aboo 'Abdillaah Muhammad bin Ismaa'eel al-Bukhaaree [d.256H], collected by al-Laalikaa'ee in his Sharh Usool al-I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnati wal-Jamaa'ah [2/172].
The lecture will be held in the home of our noble brother, Aboo Muhammad Bilaal Nance (بارك الله فيه) at 7:30pm.
.: The Creed of al-Imaam al-Bukhaaree [d.256H] - rahimahullaah :.
Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hafs al-Harwee said:
Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Salamah narrated to us, saying:
Abool-Husayn Muhammad bin Imraan bin Moosaa al-Jarjaanee narrated to us saying:
I heard Aboo Muhammad ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdur-Rahmaan al-Bukhaaree - from ash-Shaash -saying:
I heard Aboo ‘Abdillaah Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaaree saying:
Speech And Action
That the religion consists of (both) speech and action an this is due to the saying of Allah:
And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform As-Salaah and give Zakaah: and that is the right religion. (Soorah al-Bayyinah 98:5)
And the Qur’aan is the Speech of Allaah, not being created due to His saying:
Indeed your Lord is Allaah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istawaa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command.
Aboo ‘Abdullaah Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel said: Ibn ‘Uyaynah said, “So Allaah made distinct the creation (khalq) from the command (amr) (in the remainder of the verse):
Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!
The Qadar or Pre-Decree
And that good and evil is by preordainment (qadar) of Allaah due to His saying:
Say: “I seek refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of the daybreak. From the evil of what He has created” (Soorah al-Falaq 113:1-2)
“While Allaah has created you and what you make!”
(Soorah as-Siffat 37:96)
and due to His saying:
“Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz).”
(Soorah al-Qamar 54:49)
And none of them (the above mentioned people of knowledge) used to declare anyone from among the people of the qiblah a disbeliever on account of committing a sin, due to His saying:
“Verily, Allaah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases.” (Soorah an-Nisaa' 4:48)
The Companions And Their Honor
And I saw amongst them anyone who would take something from (the honor of) the Companions of Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam). Aa'ishah, radiyallaahu 'anhaa, said, ‘They were commanded to seek forgiveness for them due to His saying:
“And those who came after them say: “Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful.”
(Soorah al-Hashr 69:10)
And they used to forbid innovations: whatever the messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions, radiyallaahu 'anhum, were not upon due to His saying:
“And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur’aan), and be not divided among yourselves.” (Soorah Aali ‘Imraan 3:103)
and due to His saying:
“If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance”
Following The Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam
And the used to urge (people) to (follow) what the Messenger, sallallaahu 'allahi wa sallam, and his Companions, radiyallaahu 'anhum, were upon due to His saying:
“And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious - see V.2:2).” (Soorah al-An'aam 6:153)
Dealing With The Rulers
And that we do not contend with or attempt to take away the command from those assigned with it (i.e., the rulers) due to the saying of the Messenger, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, “There are three things towards which the heart of a Muslim never shows hatred or rancor: Making ones action sincerely for the sake of Allah, giving obedience to the rulers (wulatul amr) and sticking to their group (jamaa’ah) for verily, their supplication encompasses those who are behind them (i.e. those whom they rue over)." Then this is confirmed in His saying:
“O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority.” (Soorah an-Nisaa' 4:59)
And that the sword is not to be raised against (any of) the Ummah of Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam.
And al-Fudhayl said, ‘If I had a supplication that would be answered, I would no make it except fro the leader (imam) because when the leader becomes righteous, the towns and servants become safe and secure.’
Ibn al-Mubaarak said (in reference to the above saying of al-Fudhayl), ‘O teacher of goodness, who would show boldness towards this besides you?’