Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Some quick points regarding Zakaatul-Fitr

Some quick points regarding Zakaatul-Fitr:

* It is a bid'ah to give it as money and opposes the Sunnah, as has been mentioned by Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen, Shaykh al-Fawzaan, & others.

* Zakaatul-Fitr is given as a Saa' (4 amdaad [mudds]) of rice, wheat barley, dates, cheese or raisins. Shaykh al-Fawzaan mentions it can also be a type of food common to the people of that land, like corn, for example. [al-Mukhlis al-Fiqhee]

* I asked our Shaykh, Dr. Aboo Muhammad Fawaaz al-'Awadhee 1, this evening about the miqdaar of a mudd & saa' due to the confusion (mine & some others) in regards to different sayings of Ahlul-'Ilm and things posted on the internet. He mentioned the mudd an-Nabawee (Prophetic mudd) is a measurement based on volume that fits in the two cupped-together hands of an average sized man. This was the saa' of the people of al-Madeenah 2. He said a mudd is a measurement, not a cup, bowl or utensil.
So a saa' is 4 mudds, or amdaad. Once one figures out the volume & subsequent weight of a mudd of the food type being measured, he can times that by 4 to get the weight of a saa', then do the math for a saa' per each family member.

* food types will differ between each other in their volume (a mudd of rice will differ in volume & it's weight from a mudd of dates, etc.) and can a respective food type can differ in itself (some dates may be bigger than others, basmati may differ from Uncle Ben's, etc.). Shaykh Fawaaz mentioned that ash-Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen mentioned that generally a saa' of rice today comes out to approx. 2.4 or 2.5 kilos, while dates can be around 1.5 kilos, depending on the type. Shaykh Ahmad as-Subay'ee mentioned that a person just buying a bag of rice and giving it is not the same as a person measuring it out with his own hands and then giving it.

* it is supposed to be distributed amongst the poor and the destitute as occurs in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas, as Ibnul-Qayyim mentions in "Zaad", not that 8 categories mentioned in the Qur'aan.

* It must be given before the 'Eed salaah in order to be accepted as Zakaatul-Fitr, otherwise it is normal sadaqah, as comes in the hadeeth.
These are just quick points from what we've read &; heard from our Mashaayikh in this issue, and Allaah knows best!
1. Shaykh Fawaaz is a muhaqqiq, researcher, & teacher at Daarul-Qur'aan here in Kuwait and one of our beloved mashaayikh.  Shaykh Zayd ad-Dawsiree recently said "Shaykh Fawaaz with us is a faqeeh".  He has studied with many of our mashaayikh here in Kuwait and frequently visits the Mashaayikh in al-Madeenah and studied with some of them while completing his PhD in the Islaamic University... for those who wanted to know, baarakallaahu feekum.
2 Shaykh (Dr.) Muhammad bin Haadee al-Madjhalee has  mentioned this as well, as can be found here.