Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Protecting oneself from shaytaan and from harm through the Words of Remembrance found in the Authentic Sunnah - (Part I)

بسم الله و الحمد لله، والصلاة والســلام على رسول الله و على آله وصحبه أجمعين 

أما بعد

 Allaah the Most High said:

{ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً 
وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ }
"O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islaam and do not follow the footsteps of shaytaan. Verily! He is to you a plain enemy." [Al-Baqarah (2):208]

{ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لِلْإِنْسَانِ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ }

 "Verily! shaytaan  is to man an open enemy!" [Yoosuf (12):5]

 And Allaah (تبارك و تعالى) consistently warns us from our enemy throughout His Book, and likewise His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in the authentic Sunnah, warning us from the plots and deception of shaytaan and his followers - from both the jinn and mankind  - like the people of shirk, kufr, and  bid'ah.

And the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

« إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَجْرِي مِنَ الإِنْسَانِ مَجْرَى الدَّمِ »

“Verily shaytaan runs through the human being like the running of blood.”  [1]

And Al-Haafith Ibn Hajr (رحمه الله) said regarding this hadeeth:  “And his saying  ((he penetrates)) or ((he runs)), it is said that it is on its apparent meaning, and that Allaah the Most High gave him the ability to do that, and it is said that it is figurative, referring to the abundance and tremendous amount of his misguidance, enticements, and his whisperings.” [al-Fath (4/1982)]
So there is no doubt that shaytaan is an enemy who does not cease to attack the believer with doubts, confusion, and whisperings, constantly prodding him towards that which will misguide him and lead to his destruction.  But the remedy for these attacks have been prescribed for us by Allaah and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم).  Allaah says:  

{ وَإِمَّا يَنْزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ * إِنَّ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا إِذَا مَسَّهُمْ طَائِفٌ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ تَذَكَّرُوا فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْصِرُونَ }
 "And if an evil whisper comes to you from shaytaan, then seek refuge with Allaah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower.  Verily, those who have Taqwaa (of Allaah), when an evil thought comes to them from shaytaan, they remember (Allaah), and (indeed) they then see (aright)." [Al-A'raf (7):200-201]

So with the permission of Allaah, we would like to present a series of posts reminding Ahlus-Sunnah of some of those adhkaar and ad'iyyah found in the authentic Sunnah of our Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم that the sunnee, the atharee can use to protect himself from the plots and whisperings of shaytaan and other types of harm.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم Protecting Himself from the shayaateen

Ja’far bin Sulaymaan ad-Duba’ee narrated:  Aboo at-Tayyaaj narrated to us, he said:  “I said to ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Khanbash at-Tameemee – and he was an old man – ‘did you reach the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم (during his lifetime)?’  He said, ‘Yes.’ He said: ‘So I said:  How did the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم act on the night the shayaateen plotted against him?’  So he said: ‘Indeed the shayaateen descended that night upon the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم from the valleys and mountain paths, and amongst them was a shaytaan, in his hand was a flame of fire, wanting to burn the face of Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم with it.  So Jibreel - عليه السلام - descended to him and said:  ‘O Muhammad! Say:

« أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّاتِ الَّتِي لَا يُجَاوِزُهُنَّ بَرٌّ وَلَا فَاجِرٌ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ،  وَذَرَأَ وَبَرَأَ، وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ، وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَعْرُجُ فِيهَا، وَمِنْ شَرِّ ما ذَرَأَ فِي الأَرضِ وَبَرَأَ، وَمِنْ شَرِّ ما يَخرُجُ مِنها، وَمِنْ شَرِّ فِتَنِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ، وَمِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ طَارِقٍ إِلَّا طَارِقًا يَطْرُقُ بِخَيْرٍ، يَا رَحْمَنُ  »

(( I seek refuge by the complete, perfect words of Allaah, which no righteous one nor wicked one can exceed, from the evil of what He has created, and from the evil of what descends from the heavens, and from the evil of what ascends to them, and from the evil of what is sown in the earth and is created, and from the evil of what comes out from it, and from the evil of the fitan of the night and the day, and from the evil of everyone who comes knocking, except for the one who comes knocking with khayr, O Rahmaan! ))

So it (this du’aa) extinguished their fire, and Allaah تبارك و تعالى defeated them.” [2]

Protecting Oneself when entering the bathroom

1) ‘Alee said:  The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم  said:  “The screen of what is between the jinn and the ‘awrahs of the Children of Aadam when he enters the bathroom, is that he says:

« بِسْمِ اللَّهِ »[3]

2) Anas bin Maalik said:  “The Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم  used to, when he entered the bathroom, he said:

« اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الخُبُثِ وَالخَبَائِثِ » 
(( O Allaah! Verily I seek refuge in You from al-khubuthi wal-khabaa’ith (the male and female shayaateen)  ))  [4]     
  •   Shu’bah narrated: “If he comes to the bathroom…”, and Moosaa narrated from Hammaad: “When he enters…”, and Sa’eed bin Zayd said, ‘Abdul-‘Azeez narrated to us: “When he wants to enter…”.

3) In another wording collected by at-Tirmidhee:
« اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ ....»

((O Allaah! Verily I seek refuge in You…))  Shu’bah said: and indeed he said another time:

« أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الْخُبْثِ وَالْخَبِيثِ - أَوِ الْخُبُثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ »

(( I seek refuge in Allaah from al-khubthi wal-khabeeth )) – or – (( al-khubuthi wal-khabaa’ith ))  [5]


[1] Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim,  Aboo Daawood (2470 & 4994), an-Nasaa’ee (3356 &3358), Ibn Maajah (1779),  Ahmad (26863), ad-Daarimee (1780),  Ibn Khuzaymah (2233, 2234), Ibn Hibbaan (3671), at-Tabaraanee  in al-Kabeer (24/189, 190-193), Aboo Nu’aym in al-Hilyah (3/145), al-Bayhaqee in Shu’ab (6800), and others.  Shaykh al-Albaanee declared it saheeh.

[2]  Traced to as-Suyootee in al-Jaami’ al-Kabeer (1/11/2) to Ahmad, and at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer, and Ibnus-Sunnee in ‘Amalul-Yawmi wal-Laylah from ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Khanbash, and from Ahmad (3/319), and Ibnus-Sunnee (631) from Ja’far bin Sulaymaan ad-Duba’ee from Aboo at-Tayyaaj.  Al-Albaanee said: “And the isnaad is saheeh, its men up to Ibn Khanbash are on the condition of Muslim…”  See As-Saheehah (#840).

[3] Ibn Maajah (#297).  Declared saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaanee

[4]  al-Bukhaaree,  at-Tirmidhee (#6), Ibn Maajah (#298)

[5]  at-Tirmidhee (#5), Ibn Maajah (#298).  Declared saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaanee.  The wording of Ibn Maajah is: (( I seek refuge in Allaah from al-khubuthi wal-khabaa’ith ))

Aboo Sufyaan 'Uthmaan Beecher
أبو سـفيــان عثمــان بيشر الأمريكي