[Q]: The praise is for Allaah, and may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon the Messenger of Allaah and upon his Family and his Companions and upon those who follow the guidance. To proceed:
So these are some of the statements of one of the du'aat (callers), his name is Anwar al-Awlaki. You will find these statements on his official website. We present them to the noble Shaykh 'Ubayd Ibn 'Abdillaah al-Jaabiree – (may Allaah preserve him) - so that he may comment upon them so we can then spread the answers and the comments among the brothers here in America and in Britian and throughout the West in general.
The first statement: "The rulers in the Arabian Peninsula are playing a central role in the fight against Islam especially the al Saud family. The al Saud of today is the Abdullah bin Ubay of yesterday."
And he says in the second statement: "May this be the beginning of the greatest Jihad, the Jihad of the Arabian Peninsula that would free the heart of the Islamic world from the tyrants who are deceiving the ummah and standing between us and victory." Should I - O Shaykh - mention the third statement as well or can I suffice with this?
[A]: Present the third statement.
[Q]: And the third is that this man says: "The Jihad in Somalia should carry on until the last AU soldier leaves the country and any forces that side with the AU -including the Sharif government -and Sharif is the president who won the recent election - become legitimate targets."
So what is your comment upon these statements, may Allaah bless you?
[A]: With the name of Allaah. The praise is for Allaah and may peace and salutations be upon his servant and Messenger Muhammad and upon his Family and all of his Companions.
The summary of what has become apparent to me from these three statements that you have quoted from a specific forum or a specific website for Anwar al-Awlaki, and the name Awlaki ('Awlaqee) proves that the origin of this man is Yemeni. The essence of what is comprised within these statements - in that which is apparent to me - are two affairs:
The first affair: is his ignorance concerning the fiqh of Jihaad. And that he does not know anything about the Jihaad, which is from the well-planned obligations that Allaah has established up until Allaah causes the earth and whosoever is upon it to perish.
And I suspect that this man has become polluted by the ideas of Sayyid Qutb al-Misree and similar to him are Aboo Qataad, Aboo Muhammad al-Maqdisee and many others besides them. All of these individuals and the same applies to this man have been influenced by the likes of Sayyid Qutb; and Sayyid Qutb, according to the people of research and experience with examining statements, is the flag bearer of takfeer in this time. His book, Ma'aalim fit-Tareeq (Milestones) proves this clearly as Sayyid erroneously and falsely declared the entire Ummah to be disbelievers, the rulers and their subjects.
And Jihaad according to Ahlis-Sunnah, who have inherited from Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) the correct understanding of the religion, the correct understanding of worship and the correct understanding of social dealings, this Jihaad is of two categories:
Jihaadut-Talab (the offensive Jihaad) and Jihaadud-Daf' (the defensive Jihaad). Jihaadut-Talab is to mobilize the troops and to dispatch the armies and to prepare sufficient equipment in order to fight whosoever is surrounding them from the disbelievers to make the word of Allaah uppermost. And this is the responsibility and special role of the Muslim ruler. He is the one who can call to such an act, he is the one who establishes this and he himself is the one who leads it or he appoints someone to lead a military detachment.
So whosoever calls to Jihaad in a general manner (without consideration of the legislated prerequisites or guidelines), then he is one of two men, either he is ignorant concerning the fiqh of Jihaad or he is a person of desires who is misguided and misguiding others, an innovator. And regardless of whether he is the former or the latter, it is obligatory upon the Ummah to be cautious of him and to have hatred for him. And it is obligatory upon the Scholars to refute him and to warn against him.
The second is Jihaadud-Daf', and this is to defend against the assailant and the transgressor. So when an assailant and a transgressor from the disbelievers attacks and transgresses against a Muslim country, then it is permissible for the people of that country to defend themselves and to resist the attack in order to stop its evil and to challenge its deception. It is a required condition that they must have the ability and the strength to do this. So if they have the ability and the strength, they can mobilize themselves to defend against the subjugation of the transgressing party and to defeat its endeavour and to reject its tyranny.
If they do not have the ability and the strength for that, then they have two choices: they can either flee with their Religion and their honour to wherever they will be safe, or they can seek a treaty of peace with this tyrannical enemy and they can make contracts and agreements with him to preserve and safeguard the territory of the people of al-Islaam.
Therefore, it can be concluded from this that the required condition for Jihaadut-Talab (the offensive Jihaad) is the ruler, since it is from his special functions. And the required condition for Jihaadud-Daf' (the defensive Jihaad) is the strength and ability to carry it out. And strength and ability are necessary for both of these acts in order to defeat the endeavour of the enemies of Allaah.
The second matter that has become apparent from the first two statements is that this man harbours resentment against the Arabian Peninsula and he harbours resentment against the rulers from al-Saud. And due to this, he has described them with kufr (disbelief) or nifaaq (hypocrisy) or both of them. The crime of al-Saud according to him and his likes from the people of desires, splitting and the Khawaarij is that their nation is a nation of Tawheed and the Sunnah - every person of Sunnah testifies to this. And their nation has been the flag bearer of Tawheed and the Sunnah since its inception at the hand of al-Imaam Muhammad Ibn Sa'ood – may Allaah have mercy upon him; and verily it gives victory to Tawheed and the Sunnah.
Shaykh Muhammad Ibn 'Abdul-Wahhaab called to Tawheed and the Sunnah and the Imaam, the Ameer Muhammad Ibn Sa’ood used to aid him and defend him and he used to defend his call. And the fruit of that effort was that Allaah made this righteous Imaam, al-Mujaahid strong and influential due to his raising the flag of Tawheed and the Sunnah- I deem him as such and Allaah is his Reckoner. From the fruits of this da'wah was the establishment of a mighty nation. It has taken on the burden of establishing the Religion. And there is no person of Sunnah, except that his heart is with this nation. Likewise, it has taken on the political and economic burden. So these are all fruits of aiding Tawheed and the Sunnah.
The Khawaarij in every time and place have always had enmity towards Ahlus-Sunnah, the rulers and their subjects, because Ahlus-Sunnah are the farthest of the people from takfeer (wrongfully labelling a Muslim a disbeliever), let alone tabdee' (declaring someone an innovator) and tafseeq (declaring someone a disobedient sinner), except with a proof that obligates takfeer, or tabdee' or tafseeq of the individual. And this is known to those who are familiar with the history of Ahlus-Sunnah and their written works. However, the one who has been overwhelmed by malice and desire has become deep-rooted within him, then he opposes Ahlus-Sunnah and displays enmity towards them.
So it is not strange that Awlaki should take this path, since he has a predecessor and he himself is from the later followers. Consequently, I warn the Muslims firstly against this man and I call upon them to boycott him and to severe ties with him and to refute him with a knowledge based refutation that will expose his call and reveal his true condition and show that he is an enemy to the people of Islaam and the Sunnah. This individual and his likes are from those who have disfigured the image of Islaam and the image of the people of al-Islaam to the extent that they have driven those who do not possess intellect from the Jews and the Christians to attack the personality of the Messenger of Allaah and to degrade the Mushaf. This is because due to their lack of intellect and due to their lack of knowledge about Islaam and its people they think that him, his predecessors and his contemporaries represent the people of Islaam; and that this path of theirs is the true path of the people of Islaam and that transgressing against the honour, wealth and the lives of others, and that the nullifying of contracts and ratified treaties between our rulers and the rest of the non-Muslim nations of the world, such as those of Europe and America, then these feeble-minded fools and those who have been deprived of justice and fairness, they think that this is the Islaam that we practice.
So how astonishing it is that America let this man remain therein, yet it raises its voice to say that it opposes terrorism, and as for us then we say that they are Khawaarij. Indeed this man and his likes are the terrorists that the Europeans, Americans and the Western world in general refer to, and I think that even the non-Muslims from the people of the East like Russia have labelled them with this title. So these individuals in reality are the instruments of terrorism and they are the river from which the Khawaarij draw out what they draw out to support their transgression against the people of Islaam and the Sunnah, and for their transgression against those whom we have contracts and treaties with (i.e. the non Muslim states), since they do not recognize any contract or treaty. They only declare people disbelievers en masse.
This is what I liked to make note of and I ask Allaah, the Glorified and Most High to keep the people of al-Islaam away from every evil and detestable thing and to withhold from them the evil of the Khawaarij, whether they are the Khawaarij who sit and incite others or whether they are the ones who physically participate themselves; and that He keeps the misery of the Khawaarij among their own selves and that He allows the Muslims to see a lesson in them; and that He seizes the Khawaarij with a mighty and strong seizure and that He makes them a lesson for those who take heed.
And may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his Family and all of his Companions. This was dictated by one in need of Allaah: 'Ubayd Ibn 'Abdullaah Ibn Sulaymaan al-Jaabiree, a former professor at the Islamic University of al-Madeenah. And the date of this discussion was Wednesday night, the 23rd of Dhul-Qa'dah, in the year 1430H, corresponding to the 11th of November in the year 2009. And success is with Allaah. And may the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his Family and all of his Companions.